Structural Embeddedness in Transnational Social FieldsPersonal Networks, International (Im)Mobilities, and the Migratory Capital Paradox

  1. Hosnedlová, Renáta 1
  2. Fradejas‐García, Ignacio 2
  3. Lubbers, Miranda J. 3
  4. Molina, José Luis 3
  1. 1 LEREPS, University of Toulouse, Sciences Po Toulouse, France
  2. 2 School of Social Sciences, University of Iceland, Iceland
  3. 3 Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
Journal:
Social Inclusion

ISSN: 2183-2803

Year of publication: 2021

Issue Title: In Good Company? Personal Relationships, Network Embeddedness, and Social Inclusion

Volume: 9

Issue: 4

Pages: 278-290

Type: Article

DOI: 10.17645/SI.V9I4.4568 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Social Inclusion

Abstract

In this article we focus on individuals’ structural embeddedness in transnational social fields (TSFs) and examine how this is related to patterns of international mobility. The main argument is that the structure of TSFs matters for (im)mobility trajectories, and thus all actors (migrants, non‐migrants, and returnees) need to be examined as a whole to obtain a deeper understanding of the role of social networks in processes of transnational mobility. Taking the case of Romanian migrants in Spain as a TSF connecting their place of origin (Dâmbovița in Romania) with their destination (Castelló in Spain), we analyze survey data for 303 migrants, non‐migrants, and returnees, sampled through an RDS‐like binational link‐tracing design. We then categorize types of personal network using an international mobility scale to assess the degree of structural embeddedness in the TSF. An important contribution is the rigorous operationalization of TSF and assessment of the level of migratory capital of each individual. Our results reveal that migratory capital is not always linked positively with high mobility patterns and that its role is strongly related to the overall composition and structure of the TSF.