La relación entre la alimentación fuera del hogar y la obesidadun estudio sociológico del caso español

  1. Cecilia Díaz Méndez 1
  2. Isabel García Espejo 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Oviedo

    Universidad de Oviedo

    Oviedo, España


RES. Revista Española de Sociología

ISSN: 2445-0367 1578-2824

Year of publication: 2018

Issue Title: La comida fuera del hogar: nuevas estrategias y hábitos alimentarios extra-domésticos

Volume: 27

Issue: 2

Pages: 251-266

Type: Article

DOI: 10.22325/FES/RES.2018.41 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openDialnet editor

More publications in: RES. Revista Española de Sociología


Food Studies that link obesity and eating outside home have developed from the finding of increased food away from home in the development process of modern societies. The health consequences of this increase have been analyzed from the field of nutrition to find out the relation with the increase of obesity. However, the results are contradictory. Some authors show that eating out produces obesity, others do not find this causal relationship. In this paper we will offer a sociological approach that clarifies these contradictory results. To this end, it is incorporated into the traditional analysis of consumption frequencies, the analysis of the motivations, the social relationships and the attitudes that sociologically frame for eating out behavior. The data show that food outside home in Spain has particularities that compel a sociological reflection about its relationship with obesity

Funding information


Bibliographic References

  • Angulo, A., Gil, J., Mur, J. (2007). Spanish Demand for Food Away From Home: analysis of panel data. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 58 (2), 289-307.
  • Beardsworth, A., Keil, T. (1997). Sociology on the Menu. London: Routledge.
  • Bes-Rastrollo, M. et al. (2009). A Prospective Study of Eating Away-from-Home Meals and Weight Gain in a Mediterranean Population: The Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra Cohort. Public health nutrition, 13 (9). 1356-63.
  • Bezerra, I. N., Curioni, C., Sichieri, R. (2012). As- sociation between Eating out of Home and Body Weight. Nutrition Reviews, 70 (2), 65-79.
  • Bowman, S. A., Vinyard, B. T. (2004). Fast Food Consumption of U .S . Adults: Impact on Energy and Nutrient Intakes and Overweight Status. Journal of American College of Nutrition, 23 (2), 163-168.
  • Burgoine, T. et al. (2016). Does Neighborhood Fast- Food Outlet Exposure Amplify Inequalities in Diet and Obesity? A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of American College of Nutrition, 103 (6), 1540-1547.
  • Cheng, S. L., Olsen, W., Southerton, D., Warde, A. (2007). The Changing Practice of Eating: Evi- dence from UK Time Diaries, 1975 and 20001. British Journal of Sociology, 58 (1), 39-61.
  • Díaz-Méndez, C. (Coord.) (2012). Hábitos alimentarios de los españoles. Madrid: Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente.
  • Díaz-Méndez, C., Callejo, J. (2014). Homogeniza- tion of Eating Times in the United Kingdom and Spain. British Food Journal, 116 (5), 734-52.
  • Denegri Coria, M., Cabezas Gaete, D., Sepúlveda Aravena, J., del Valle Rojas, C., González Gómez, Y., & Miranda Vargas, H. (2010). Representa- ciones sociales sobre pobreza en estudian- tes universitarios chilenos. Liberabit, 16 (2), 161-170.
  • Duran, A. C. et al. (2013). Neighborhood Socioeconomic Characteristics and Differences in the Availability of Healthy Food Stores and Restaurants in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Health & place, 23, 39-47.
  • ENSE (2011). Encuesta Nacional de Salud de España. INE.
  • Fishler, C. (1995). El (h) omnívoro. El gusto, la cocina y el cuerpo. Barcelona: Anagrama.
  • Fundación FOESSA (1966). I Informe sociológico sobre la situación social de España. Madrid: Suramérica.
  • Jones-Smith, J. C. et al. (2011). Cross-National Comparisons of Time Trends in Overweight Inequality by Socioeconomic Status among Women Using Repeated Cross-Sectional Surveys from 37 Developing Countries, 1989-2007. American Journal of Epidemiology, 173 (6), 667-75.
  • Kant, A. K., Graubard, B. I. (2004). Eating out in Americ, 1987-2000: Trends and Nutritional Correlates. Preventive medicine, 38, 243-49.
  • Lachat, C. et al. (2012). Eating out of Home and Its Association with Dietary Intake: A Systematic Review of the Evidence. Obesity reviews: an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 13 (4), 329-46.
  • Lopez Martin-Lagos, M. D. (2011). Consumption and Modernization in the European Union. European Sociological Review, 27 (1), 124-37.
  • Loring B. and Robertson, A. (2014). Obesity and inequities. Guidance for addressing inequities in overweight and obesity. World Health Organization.
  • McGuire, S., Todd, J. E., Mancino, L., Lin, B. H. (2010). The Impact of Food Away from Home on Adult Diet Quality. ERR-90, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Econ. Res. Serv., February 2010. Advances in Nutrition, 2 (5), 442-443.
  • Marín-Guerrero, A. C. et al. (2008). Eating Behaviours and Obesity in the Adult Population of Spain. The British journal of nutrition, 100, 1142-48.
  • Mennell, S., Murcott, A., van Otterloo, A. H. (1992). The sociology of food: eating, diet and culture. London: Sage.
  • Murcott, A. (1983). The Sociology of Food and Eating. Gower Aldershot.
  • Mutlu, S., Gracia, A., (2006). Spanish food expenditure away from home (FAFH): by type of meal. Applied Economics, 38, 1037-1047.
  • Nielsen, S. J., Siega-Riz, A. M., Popkin, B. M. (2002). Trends in Energy Intake in U.S. between 1977 and 1996: Similar Shifts Seen across Age Groups. Obesity, 10 (5), 370-378.
  • OCDE. 2010. Obesity and the Economics of Prevention: Fit not Fat. OECD Publishing, Paris.DOI:
  • OMS y FAO (2014). Segunda Conferencia Internacional sobre Nutrición. Declaración de Roma sobre la Nutrición.
  • Pinard, C. A. et al. (2014). Influences on Food Away from Home Feeding Practices Among English and Spanish Speaking Parent-Child Dyads. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24 (7), 2099-2106.
  • Popkin, B. M., Adair, L. S., Ng, S. W. (2012). Global nutrition transition and the pandemic of Obesity in Developing Countries. Nutrition Reviews, 70 (1), 3-21.
  • Rama, R. (1997). Evolución y características de la ali- mentación en el hogar y del consumo de alimentos en España. Agricultura y Sociedad, 84, 107-140.
  • Swinburn, B., Egger, G., & Raza, F. (1999). Dissecting obesogenic environments: the development and application of a framework for identifying and prioritizing environmental interventions for obesity. Preventive medicine, 29 (6), 563-570.
  • Warde, A. (2000). Studying Eating out. En A. Warde y L. Martens. Eating Out: Social Differentiation, Consumption and Pleasure (pp. 1-6). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Warde, A., Martens, L. (2000). Eating Out: Social Differentiation, Consumption and Pleasure, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press