Effect of Violence and School Victimization on Suicidal Ideation in Mexican Adolescents

  1. Cruz-Manrique, Yeni 1
  2. Herrero Olaizola, Juan 2
  3. Cortés-Ayala, María de Lourdes 2
  4. Malvaceda-Espinoza, Eli 3
  1. 1 Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán. Mexico.
  2. 2 Departamento de Psicología, Universidad de Oviedo. Spain.
  3. 3 Escuela de Psicología, Universidad de San Ignacio de Loyola. Lima, Perú.
International Journal of Psychological Research

ISSN: 2011-7922 2011-2084

Year of publication: 2021

Volume: 14

Issue: 2

Pages: 30-36

Type: Article

DOI: 10.21500/20112084.5109 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openDialnet editor

More publications in: International Journal of Psychological Research

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This study tests a model to predict suicidal ideation in adolescents, considering violence and school victimization, family and academic self-concept, and depressive symptoms as antecedents. 792 Mexican high school adolescents participated (49.4% women, 50.6% men) between 11 and 16 years old (M = 13.3,D.T. = 1.0), selected with a non-probabilistic sampling for convenience. The Suicidal Ideation, Violent Behavior at School, Victimization at School, Self-Concept Form-5, and CES-D scaleswere administered. From Structural Equation Models, the results showed that the model that best fits indicates a double relationship between school victimization and suicidal ideation:  direct and positive effect on suicidal thoughts, and, on the other hand, an indirect and negative effect through family support, and positive with depressive symptoms. Family self-concept was an important protection factor. 

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