El olvido del cuidado de sí en la Hermenéutica del sujeto

  1. Espino Pérez, José Ignacio Florencio
Supervised by:
  1. Juan Luis Vermal Beretta Director

Defence university: Universitat de les Illes Balears

Fecha de defensa: 21 September 2018

Committee:
  1. Miguel Morey Farré Chair
  2. Noemí Sanz Merino Secretary
  3. Manuel Jiménez Redondo Committee member

Type: Thesis

Abstract

With this thesis we have proposed to explore the way in which Michel Foucault understands the origin, formation and preterition process of the ancient Greek precept of the epimeleia heautou, that is to say, the exhortation to the “care of the self” by means of the necessary transformation. The aim was to find out what is really forgotten when Foucault says that the care of one-self is forgotten, and also, respond to the questions of how?, when? and why? of this forgetfulness. In order to do this, and without leaving the conceptual and contextual frame chosen by Foucault, we have centred the question, as we have seen, in ordering and analyzing the relational structure of this process that, across the clash between the historical models of “reminiscence“ and the “asceticmonastic" one, managed to hide the form of hellenistic epimeleia heautou. We have also analyzed how the care of the self, considering the later 'Cartesian moment' and Kant's Critique of Pure Reason and that it remained for a long time in Christianity as a transformation of itself that gave access to the truth, was no longer necessary to have access to the knowledge. The forgetfulness of the care of the self, therefore, has been the storyline of this thesis and has allowed us to approach the hermeneutics of the subject, as it was for most of the last Foucault's work, from another perspective of cohesion. As development of this approach, the first part of the thesis has been to provide some background on the significance of certain conceptual developments of the last Foucault, as well as the establishment of certain lines of philosophical convergence with Nietzsche and Heidegger. We have dedicated the second part to the origin and the complete formation of the precept of the epimeleia heautou, having the context of his evolution like frame of development. And, finally, in the third part the relational dynamics between models has been the central issue. With the annexes, basic concepts and diagrams we tried a complement that will expand the overview and show some aspects, interpretations and criticism not much analyzed.